World Health Day: U-M researchers can discuss road safety issues
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Road safety is the theme of this year's World Health Day (April 7), sponsored by the World Health Organization. The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) conducts research in traffic safety to help reduce the number of people killed or injured annually in road traffic crashes worldwide—1.2 million deaths and hundreds of thousands of injuries.
Some of UMTRI's ( www.umtri.umich.edu) main research areas and experts include:
Driver interface and driver distraction
Automotive controls, displays, navigation systems, cell phones and warnings used while driving; how people drive, tasks they can safely handle and those that are distracting, and where drivers look while they drive. Contact: Paul Green, (734) 763-3795 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Road departure and collision avoidance systems
Vehicle-based technologies for avoiding run-off-the-road crashes; automotive collision avoidance tests with cars with a combined adaptive cruise control and rear-end crash-warning system. Contacts: Bob Ervin, (734) 936-1066 or email@example.com; Dave LeBlanc, (734) 936-1063 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Effects of night-time driving visibility and effectiveness of various types of headlights; driver preferences for tungsten-halogen vs. high intensity-discharge (HID) headlamps; discomfort glare from HID headlamps; night vision-enhancement systems; drivers' use of high- and low-beam headlamps; viability of rear lighting systems and mirror-mounted turn signals; headlight rating system. Contact: Mike Flannagan, (734) 936-1091 or email@example.com.
Mechanical response of human body to dynamic loading and tolerances of different body regions to injury; improved crash-test dummies, test procedures and computer models that simulate occupant kinematics and dynamics and predict likelihood and severity of injury; improvements in restraint systems and methods and equipment for restraining passengers in wheelchairs. Contact: Larry Schneider, (734) 936-1103 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Truck and bus accident analysis
Transportation safety issues based on actual highway experience; objective information on the performance of the transportation system; interaction of the driver, vehicle and roadway; factors associated with risk of collision and injury. Contact: John Woodrooffe, (734) 936-2070 or email@example.com.
Detailed vehicle measurements and analysis of information on occupant injuries; performance of occupant protection systems; air bag-induced injuries; offset-frontal crashes; advanced air bags. Contact: Larry Schneider, (734) 936-1103 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Alcohol and driving
Factors that influence alcohol and driving; drinking and driving prevention programs; alcohol and driving policies; technical support to communities. Contacts: Jean Shope, (734) 764-6328 or email@example.com; David Eby, (734) 763-8107 or firstname.lastname@example.org; Raymond Bingham, (734) 615-4711 or email@example.com.
Use and misuse of occupant protection systems, such as safety belts; trends in state occupant protection use; evaluation of occupant protection programs; technical support to communities. Contact: David Eby, (734) 763-8107 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Truck driver rollover adviser system
Field testing of the Roll Stability Advisor and Control system, recently developed by Freightliner Corp.; effectiveness of the system in normal commercial operations. Contact: Chris Winkler, (734) 936-1061 or email@example.com.
Real-world testing of driver assistance and safety systems
Differences in driver preferences of vehicle control and functionality of driver-assistance systems like adaptive cruise control. Contact: Mike Hagan, (734) 936-1068 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Pedestrian/road worker visibility
Visibility of pedestrians, bicyclists and road workers in daylight and at night; effectiveness of retro-reflective materials and distances at which pedestrians can be seen. Contact: Jim Sayer, (734) 764-4159 or email@example.com.
Habits and accident risk of drivers over 65; driving reduction or cessation; technology for improving elder mobility; assessment and educational tools for older drivers. Contacts: David Eby, (734) 763-8107 or firstname.lastname@example.org; Lidia Kostyniuk, (734) 764-0213 or email@example.com; Jean Shope, (734) 764-6328 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Factors related to high-risk driving habits of those under 21; programs to reduce risky driving; graduated driver-licensing programs. Contacts: Jean Shope, (734) 764-6328 or email@example.com; Raymond Bingham, (734) 615-4711 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
E ffects of occupant body dimensions and vehicle interior design factors on driver and passenger posture, position and perception of accommodation and comfort; industry practices and models for vehicle design; criteria for determining levels of occupant accommodation. Contact: Matt Reed, (734) 936-1111 or email@example.com.
Auto industry trends, analyses and predictions
Industry research and analysis, information resources and communication forums for automotive and related industries worldwide; distribution, e-commerce, globalization, industry forecasts, information technology, manufacturing investment, safety policy, supply chain management, and sustainable transportation systems. Contacts: Mike Flynn, (734) 936-1360 or firstname.lastname@example.org; Bruce Belzowski, (734) 936-2704 or email@example.com.
Contact: Bernie DeGroat