ANN ARBOR—Public attitudes in Tunisia, the birthplace of the Arab Spring, show strong support for secular politics and religious moderation and tolerance, according to a University of Michigan survey conducted earlier this year.
The findings help to explain the political agreement just reached between Islamists and members of secular groups to form a new Tunisian coalition government.
The survey is part of the Cross-National Analysis of Religious Fundamentalism Study, a systematic study of religious, liberal and other cultural values in seven Middle Eastern countries with Muslim majority populations: Tunisia, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey.
"Religious tolerance is stronger in Tunisia than in the other six countries we've studied," said Mansoor Moaddel, principal investigator of the study.
The results come from face-to-face interviews with a nationally representative sample of approximately 3,000 Tunisian adults.
"But despite public support for the kinds of values that are the basis of American democracy, attitudes towards Americans, while more favorable than in other Middle Eastern countries, have much room for improvement," said Moaddel, who is affiliated with the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research and the University of Maryland.
Among the key findings of the survey:
- Fully 76 percent believed that the Arab Spring was for democracy and economic prosperity; only 9 percent said it was for the establishment of an Islamic government.
- More than 60 percent said that current political leaders made them upset or angry and fully 86 percent said that government corruption was common.
- A majority of respondents said that life in Tunisia is better now than it was before the revolution.
- More than 60 percent said the most important obligation for Tunisians was to excel in science and technology, compared to 18 percent who identified the top priority as applying sharia law.
Compared to the people of other countries studied, Tunisians were much more likely to say that they would like to have Americans as neighbors. And along with Pakistani and Turkish respondents, they were much less likely than Egyptians, Iraqis, Lebanese and Saudis to support attacks on U.S. civilians working for American companies in Islamic countries. A major division in value orientations was between Tunisians, Lebanese and Turkish, who were more liberal, and Egyptians, Iraqis, Pakistanis and Saudis, who were more conservative.
The study is supported by the U.S. Office of Naval Research, Africom, MITRE, Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Eastern Michigan University, University of Michigan and Göettingen University.
- Study: www.mevs.org/findings